Zakaj je propadel sovjetski internet?

Knjiga o tem, zakaj je nujno, da so veliki projekti, kot je bil internet projekt DARPA agencije v ZDA, financirani iz javnih sredstev. Brez javnega financiranja ne bi nikoli nastal internet, kot ga poznamo danes. Ko pa je projekt enkrat zaživel in postal donosen, pa je pristal na “prostem trgu”.

V Sovjetski zvezi so bili poskusi izgradnje povezane mreže računalnikov neuspešne.  Zakaj:


The capitalists behaved like socialists while the socialists behaved like capitalists. 

Tako lahko preberemo v knjigi “How Not to Network a Nation: The Uneasy History of the Soviet Internet” (2016).
Več: 

Between 1959 and 1989, Soviet scientists and officials made numerous attempts to network their nation — to construct a nationwide computer network. None of these attempts succeeded, and the enterprise had been abandoned by the time the Soviet Union fell apart. Meanwhile, ARPANET, the American precursor to the Internet, went online in 1969. Why did the Soviet network, with top-level scientists and patriotic incentives, fail while the American network succeeded? In  How Not to Network a Nation, Benjamin Peters reverses the usual cold war dualities and argues that the American ARPANET took shape thanks to well-managed state subsidies and collaborative research environments and the Soviet network projects stumbled because of unregulated competition among self-interested institutions, bureaucrats, and others. The capitalists behaved like socialists while the socialists behaved like capitalists. 

Več o pomenu IT v času hladne vojne tudi v dopolnjeni angleški izdaji knjige “Hladna vojna in bitka za informacijsko tehnologijo” generalni direktor Iskra Delta Janez Škrubej: The Cold War for Information Technology : The Inside Story.

2017-06-01T08:27:23+00:00 05. 04. 2016|

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